In order to improve their understanding of non-fiction texts, students need strategies they can use to interact with the and unpack the meaning of the text. Not only is it important for them to be able to do this in a teacher-lead environment, they also need to be able to implement the strategy on their own, whether they're trying to comprehend a magazine or newspaper article or at home, or taking a reading test.
During my first teaching job as a long-term substitute, I learned the PQRST reading strategy, which my teacher colleagues referred to as “pork stew.” While I found this mnemonic amusing, it didn't really fit with what I was trying to do. (Not to mention, it makes me hungry!)
Fast forward to my previous school, which encouraged teachers to use the UNRAVEL reading strategy to help our struggling readers. Not only are the reading strategies essentially the same as PQRST, but the mnemonic device is much more relevant. Students truly use this strategy to unravel the text.
Here is how the strategy works:
- UNDERLINE the title (Read it!)
- Now PREDICT what the passage is about
- Run through and NUMBER the PARAGRAPHS
- Are the important WORDS in the questions circled?
- VENTURE through the passage (read it) – underline or highlight answers to questions
- ELIMINATE incorrect answers
- Let questions be answered (Support and Prove it!)
Ideally, each student will have a printed copy of the text that they can interact with using a highlighter and/or pencil. Naturally, the trick is to encourage the students to repeat this process often enough that UNRAVEL becomes second nature.
While I believe that reading fiction is vital to the mental and emotional development of our youth, I also know that students must be able to process nonfiction texts, particularly as they use those texts as reference material for argumentative and informative essays. This strategy can be used to help students process informational texts they read that lead into short story or novel units or as part of their own independent research into topics of interest to them.